Document Type : Review Article
Iranian Social Security Organization, Shiraz, Iran
Department of Psychology, Human Science Faculty, Islamic Azad University, Ghods City Branch, Iran
Department of educational management, Human Science Faculty, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz Branch, Iran.
Security is the most basic need of any society and the most important factor for the sustainability of social life; therefore, it has been the focus of experts and theorists since the distant past. The spread of the Internet, new information and communication technologies, and the communication revolution have created a new type of virtual communication devoid of the spirit that governs real social relations. This has caused the emergence and formation of cyberspace parallel to the real world and has disrupted the equations and patterns of traditional communication, production, transfer, and consumption of information and has caused a global movement in the field of communication and transfer of content and communication messages in the fastest possible time. Therefore, as human life is mixed with the cyber revolution, cyber security has come. Cyber security is security in the infrastructure and information arteries, and creating new opportunities for jobs and countries in the environment of automation, electronic commerce, exchange, and cooperation has led to targeted production, storage, and exploitation of sensitive and vital information. In general, different aspects of citizens' lives are mixed with cyberspace, and any instability, insecurity and challenges in this space directly affect different aspects of citizens' lives, especially their security.