Performance Analysis of K out of N Reverse Osmosis (RO) system in the treatment of wastewater using RAMD analysis

Document Type : Original Research Article


1 Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Sokoto state University, Sokoto. Nigeria

2 Department of Mathematical sciences, Faculty of physical sciences, Bayero University, kano

3 Department of mathematical sciences, Faculty of physical sciences, Bayero University, Kano


The recursive approach for assessing the reliability, availability, maintainability, and dependability (RAMD) of five subsystems in a reverse osmosis (RO) machine was investigated in this study. The components include the raw water tank, precision filter, carbonated filter, reverse osmosis membrane, and water producing tank. Furthermore, the efficacy of a reverse osmosis (RO) unit, mean time to failure (MTTF), mean time to repair (MTTR), and dependability ratio were also assessed. The major aim is to maximize efficiency and identify the critical subsystem or component of the reverse osmosis machine. And finding out how to fix the problem. We utilized data from the RO unit with a repair rate and a failure rate over a 100-day period to validate the technique. There were numerical numbers for each subsystem's dependability, as well as comparisons between subsystem dependability and total system dependability.


Main Subjects

Volume 4, Issue 1
June 2021
Pages 85-93
  • Receive Date: 25 September 2021
  • Revise Date: 22 October 2021
  • Accept Date: 27 November 2021
  • First Publish Date: 27 November 2021